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Review Article Open Access


A REVIEW ON THE THERAPEUTIC USES OF FLOWERS AS DEPICTED IN CLASSICAL TEXTS OF AYURVEDA & SIDDHA

Dr. M. N. SHUBHASHREE M.N., SHANTHA T.R, RAMA RAO VENDRAPATI,PRATHAPA REDDY M, VENKATESHWARULU GADDAM.

Abstract
An attempt has been made to present the therapeutic uses of flowers that are used in Ayurveda and Siddha system of Medicine. Separate chapters have been dedicated to flowers in the ancients texts like Sushrutha Samhitha & Bhavaprakasha Nighantu (Bhavamishra, 2004) in which 29 & 34 medicinal flowers have been described highlighting its importance. Likewise Siddha Vaidya has described the therapeutic utility of 67 medicinal flowers (Venmathian, 1993). It is interesting to note that out of 38 medicinal flowers tabulated, about 25 flowers have some similar indications in Ayurveda and Siddha system of medicine. In some instances, the properties of the flower may differ from the properties of other parts of the plant, for example, Arka {Calotropis gigantea (Linn.) R. Br.} Pushpa is madhura (sweet in taste) tikta (bitter) and is used as kustagna, krimigna (anthelmintic) whereas arka ksheera (latex) is tikta (Bitter) and hot in potency.
Some special properties have been attributed to certain flowers like Punica granatum L. (Dadima), flowers has styptic properties, hence used in the form of juice for epitaxis (condition characterized by bleeding with nostrils) (Rakta pitta), similarly Adathoda zeylanica Medic. (vasa) flowers have Kashaya (astringent) Kasahara (antitussive) properties. The most popular flower buds of Syzgium aromaticum (L.) Merr. & Perry (Lavanga) forms the cloves, which have been used as a spice as well as the clove oil being used in dental problems. The most popular narcotic “Papaverine” is obtained from the flowers of Papaver somniferum L. (Ahiphena), thus flowers have got the highest place in the plant kingdom as well in the field of Ayurveda and Siddha system of Medicine.Thus, the present review of medicinal flowers not only provides recognition to this knowledge but will also help in its conservation vis-a-vis providing pharmacological leads for the betterment of human society.

Key words: Flowers, Therapeutic utility, Review, Traditional sciences


 
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Pubmed Style

, T.R S, VENDRAPATI RR, M PR, GADDAM V. A REVIEW ON THE THERAPEUTIC USES OF FLOWERS AS DEPICTED IN CLASSICAL TEXTS OF AYURVEDA & SIDDHA. doi:10.5455/JREIM.82-1375428358


Web Style

, T.R S, VENDRAPATI RR, M PR, GADDAM V. A REVIEW ON THE THERAPEUTIC USES OF FLOWERS AS DEPICTED IN CLASSICAL TEXTS OF AYURVEDA & SIDDHA. http://www.jreim-ayushjournal.com/?mno=42055 [Access: February 20, 2018]. doi:10.5455/JREIM.82-1375428358


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

, T.R S, VENDRAPATI RR, M PR, GADDAM V. A REVIEW ON THE THERAPEUTIC USES OF FLOWERS AS DEPICTED IN CLASSICAL TEXTS OF AYURVEDA & SIDDHA. doi:10.5455/JREIM.82-1375428358



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

, T.R S, VENDRAPATI RR, M PR, GADDAM V. A REVIEW ON THE THERAPEUTIC USES OF FLOWERS AS DEPICTED IN CLASSICAL TEXTS OF AYURVEDA & SIDDHA. doi:10.5455/JREIM.82-1375428358



Harvard Style

, T.R, S., VENDRAPATI, R. R. . ., M, P. R. & GADDAM, V. (0) A REVIEW ON THE THERAPEUTIC USES OF FLOWERS AS DEPICTED IN CLASSICAL TEXTS OF AYURVEDA & SIDDHA. doi:10.5455/JREIM.82-1375428358



Turabian Style

, SHANTHA T.R, RAMA RAO VENDRAPATI, PRATHAPA REDDY M, and VENKATESHWARULU GADDAM. 0. A REVIEW ON THE THERAPEUTIC USES OF FLOWERS AS DEPICTED IN CLASSICAL TEXTS OF AYURVEDA & SIDDHA. doi:10.5455/JREIM.82-1375428358



Chicago Style

, SHANTHA T.R, RAMA RAO VENDRAPATI, PRATHAPA REDDY M, and VENKATESHWARULU GADDAM. "A REVIEW ON THE THERAPEUTIC USES OF FLOWERS AS DEPICTED IN CLASSICAL TEXTS OF AYURVEDA & SIDDHA." doi:10.5455/JREIM.82-1375428358



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

, SHANTHA T.R, RAMA RAO VENDRAPATI, PRATHAPA REDDY M, and VENKATESHWARULU GADDAM. "A REVIEW ON THE THERAPEUTIC USES OF FLOWERS AS DEPICTED IN CLASSICAL TEXTS OF AYURVEDA & SIDDHA." doi:10.5455/JREIM.82-1375428358



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

, T.R, S., VENDRAPATI, R. R. . ., M, P. R. & GADDAM, V. (0) A REVIEW ON THE THERAPEUTIC USES OF FLOWERS AS DEPICTED IN CLASSICAL TEXTS OF AYURVEDA & SIDDHA. doi:10.5455/JREIM.82-1375428358



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The articles in Journal of Research and Education in Indian Medicine (Estt.1982) are open access articles licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.