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PHYSICOCHEMICAL STUDY OF PANCHATIKTHA GHRITA PREPARED WITH AND WITHOUT GRITHA MURCHANA

Prasanna Narasihma Rao, Vinay Rachappa Kadibagil.

Abstract
Abstract: Swarasa (juice), Kalka (paste), Kwatha (decoction), Hima (cold infusion) and Phanta (hot infusion) are considered as five fundamental preparations mentioned in Ayurvedic pharmaceutics. The preparations like Avaleha Kalpana (confections), Vati Kalpana (tablet), Sneha Kalpana (fat preparation), Asava Arista (hydro-alcoholic preparation) etc. are considered as secondary preparations. Ghrita Kalpana (ghee preparation) is one among secondary Ayurvedic dosage forms explained under the heading of Sneha Kalpana (fat preparations) in classical texts. Murcchana Samskara (fat processing) is one of the Samskara (procedure) mentioned in Ayurvedic classical books. Murcchana Samskara is a unique process mentioned in Bhaishajya Ratnavali for both Taila (oil) and Ghrita (ghee) to reduce Amadosa (toxin), Durgandhata (bad odour) etc. and to enhance the Viryata (potency) of Sneha. Now-a-days most of the Ayurvedic pharmaceutical companies do not follow the method of Murcchana (procedure) as it increases the cost of preparation and time consumption will be more. In this study Panchatikta Ghrita is taken as one of the examples to prove the importance of Murcchana (procedure). It is prepared with Murcchita Ghrita (processed ghee) and with Amurcchita Ghrita (unprocessed ghee) as per authentic text of Ayurvedic pharmaceutics. To know the significance of Murcchana Samskara (fat processing), all the four samples were subjected for the physico-chemical analysis. Increase in refractive index, specific gravity, saponification value, iodine value, loss on drying value, ester value, decrease in acid value and viscosity indicates better dissolution of medicaments in Murcchita Ghrita (processed ghee). Results obtained from the analytical parameters are discussed and it gives scope for further study.

Key words: Ghrita murcchana (processing of ghee), Iodine value, Sneha kalpana (fat preparation), Sneha murcchana (fat processing), Saponification value.


 
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Pubmed Style

Rao PN, Kadibagil VR. PHYSICOCHEMICAL STUDY OF PANCHATIKTHA GHRITA PREPARED WITH AND WITHOUT GRITHA MURCHANA. doi:10.5455/JREIM.82-1474469944


Web Style

Rao PN, Kadibagil VR. PHYSICOCHEMICAL STUDY OF PANCHATIKTHA GHRITA PREPARED WITH AND WITHOUT GRITHA MURCHANA. http://www.jreim-ayushjournal.com/?mno=243362 [Access: February 20, 2018]. doi:10.5455/JREIM.82-1474469944


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Rao PN, Kadibagil VR. PHYSICOCHEMICAL STUDY OF PANCHATIKTHA GHRITA PREPARED WITH AND WITHOUT GRITHA MURCHANA. doi:10.5455/JREIM.82-1474469944



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Rao PN, Kadibagil VR. PHYSICOCHEMICAL STUDY OF PANCHATIKTHA GHRITA PREPARED WITH AND WITHOUT GRITHA MURCHANA. doi:10.5455/JREIM.82-1474469944



Harvard Style

Rao, P. N. & Kadibagil, V. R. (0) PHYSICOCHEMICAL STUDY OF PANCHATIKTHA GHRITA PREPARED WITH AND WITHOUT GRITHA MURCHANA. doi:10.5455/JREIM.82-1474469944



Turabian Style

Rao, Prasanna Narasihma, and Vinay Rachappa Kadibagil. 0. PHYSICOCHEMICAL STUDY OF PANCHATIKTHA GHRITA PREPARED WITH AND WITHOUT GRITHA MURCHANA. doi:10.5455/JREIM.82-1474469944



Chicago Style

Rao, Prasanna Narasihma, and Vinay Rachappa Kadibagil. "PHYSICOCHEMICAL STUDY OF PANCHATIKTHA GHRITA PREPARED WITH AND WITHOUT GRITHA MURCHANA." doi:10.5455/JREIM.82-1474469944



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Rao, Prasanna Narasihma, and Vinay Rachappa Kadibagil. "PHYSICOCHEMICAL STUDY OF PANCHATIKTHA GHRITA PREPARED WITH AND WITHOUT GRITHA MURCHANA." doi:10.5455/JREIM.82-1474469944



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Rao, P. N. & Kadibagil, V. R. (0) PHYSICOCHEMICAL STUDY OF PANCHATIKTHA GHRITA PREPARED WITH AND WITHOUT GRITHA MURCHANA. doi:10.5455/JREIM.82-1474469944



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The articles in Journal of Research and Education in Indian Medicine (Estt.1982) are open access articles licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.