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Therapeutic Principles of Liver Diseases in Unani Medicine

Shabnam Ansari, Mohammad Akhtar Siddiqui, Fasihuz Zaman.

Abstract
Background: Unani System of Medicine has been treating liver diseases since centuries under the aegis of principles, which advise usage of specific drugs or therapy for a particular disease.
Purpose: To review the therapeutic principles along with Unani drugs documented in the treatment of liver diseases.
Data Sources: Urdu and English version of Unani literary books were utilized. Original e-research papers were used as databases.
Limitation: The present paper only ascribed therapeutic principles of liver disease mainly. Although hepatoprotective drugs have also been mentioned in this paper.
Result & Conclusion: According to the Unani Medicine, the pathological changes in the liver are caused mainly by derangement in the temperament of humours and accumulation of mawad-e-fasida (morbid material). So therapeutic measures aims at, restoring the equilibrium of various elements by counteracting the effect of pathological temperament existing at the time of disease with medicines and diet, supported with Ilaj bit-tadbeer (regimenal therapy) and then expulsion of raddi akhlat (morbid humours) by istafraag (evacuation) from the body. Kasni (Cichorium intybus), Ward (Rosa damascene), Zafran (Crocus sativus) & others, have been proven for their hepatoprotective activity in animal models.

Key words: Abnormal temperament Liver, Complementary medicine, Graecoarab medicine, Hepatoprotective drugs, Sue Mizaj, Unani: hepatoprotective, Unani medicine,


 
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Pubmed Style

Ansari S, Siddiqui MA, Zaman F. Therapeutic Principles of Liver Diseases in Unani Medicine. doi:10.5455/JREIM.82-1420026640


Web Style

Ansari S, Siddiqui MA, Zaman F. Therapeutic Principles of Liver Diseases in Unani Medicine. http://www.jreim-ayushjournal.com/?mno=176475 [Access: February 19, 2018]. doi:10.5455/JREIM.82-1420026640


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Ansari S, Siddiqui MA, Zaman F. Therapeutic Principles of Liver Diseases in Unani Medicine. doi:10.5455/JREIM.82-1420026640



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Ansari S, Siddiqui MA, Zaman F. Therapeutic Principles of Liver Diseases in Unani Medicine. doi:10.5455/JREIM.82-1420026640



Harvard Style

Ansari, S., Siddiqui, M. A. & Zaman, F. (0) Therapeutic Principles of Liver Diseases in Unani Medicine. doi:10.5455/JREIM.82-1420026640



Turabian Style

Ansari, Shabnam, Mohammad Akhtar Siddiqui, and Fasihuz Zaman. 0. Therapeutic Principles of Liver Diseases in Unani Medicine. doi:10.5455/JREIM.82-1420026640



Chicago Style

Ansari, Shabnam, Mohammad Akhtar Siddiqui, and Fasihuz Zaman. "Therapeutic Principles of Liver Diseases in Unani Medicine." doi:10.5455/JREIM.82-1420026640



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Ansari, Shabnam, Mohammad Akhtar Siddiqui, and Fasihuz Zaman. "Therapeutic Principles of Liver Diseases in Unani Medicine." doi:10.5455/JREIM.82-1420026640



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Ansari, S., Siddiqui, M. A. & Zaman, F. (0) Therapeutic Principles of Liver Diseases in Unani Medicine. doi:10.5455/JREIM.82-1420026640



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The articles in Journal of Research and Education in Indian Medicine (Estt.1982) are open access articles licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.