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Assessment of Physical Activity and Hypertension among Educated Adults

Manushi Srivastava, Ratan K. Srivastava, S.P. Singh, Shalini Yadav.

Abstract
Abstract

Introduction: - High blood pressure, is the most common cardiovascular disease and is defined as chronically elevated blood pressure greater than 140/90 mmHg. If not treated this disease is a serious public health problem and significantly increases one's risk of developing coronary artery disease and stroke. Physical activity is one of the main techniques used to reduce blood pressure and other cardiovascular diseases, reducing morbidity and mortality. Several epidemiological studies have reported an inverse relationship between blood pressure and physical activity. Objective: - To assess the prevalence of hypertension and the relationship between physical activity and hypertension among adults. Methodology: - The sample size was calculated taking the prevalence of hypertension as 30% (A report of multi-centric study by Times of India on March 21, 2013), level of significance 5%, with permissible error of 10%, The total sample size to be taken was 92 aged 30 to 69 years including 10% as the non-compliance rate. Blood pressure was measured with the help of WHO recommended digital BP measuring machine (OMRON make model HEM 907) during interview in sitting posture. Physical activity was evaluated by International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) recommended by WHO to measure physical activity among adults from 15-69 years. Statistical Analysis: Data was analyzed with the help of statistical software SPSS 16.0 trial version. Physical activity scores were used to categorize the respondents and the relationship with their BP was observed. Results and conclusion:- The prevalence of hypertension is 64.0% in physically highly active group and 50.0 % in physically less active group. Which shows that physical activity prevent and control hypertension along with some other variables.

Key words: Keywords: - hypertension, physical activity, IPAQ (International physical activity questionnaire)


 
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Pubmed Style

Srivastava M, Srivastava RK, Singh S, Yadav S. Assessment of Physical Activity and Hypertension among Educated Adults. doi:10.5455/JREIM.82-1416039719


Web Style

Srivastava M, Srivastava RK, Singh S, Yadav S. Assessment of Physical Activity and Hypertension among Educated Adults. http://www.jreim-ayushjournal.com/?mno=172931 [Access: February 20, 2018]. doi:10.5455/JREIM.82-1416039719


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Srivastava M, Srivastava RK, Singh S, Yadav S. Assessment of Physical Activity and Hypertension among Educated Adults. doi:10.5455/JREIM.82-1416039719



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Srivastava M, Srivastava RK, Singh S, Yadav S. Assessment of Physical Activity and Hypertension among Educated Adults. doi:10.5455/JREIM.82-1416039719



Harvard Style

Srivastava, M., Srivastava, R. K., Singh, S. & Yadav, S. (0) Assessment of Physical Activity and Hypertension among Educated Adults. doi:10.5455/JREIM.82-1416039719



Turabian Style

Srivastava, Manushi, Ratan K. Srivastava, S.P. Singh, and Shalini Yadav. 0. Assessment of Physical Activity and Hypertension among Educated Adults. doi:10.5455/JREIM.82-1416039719



Chicago Style

Srivastava, Manushi, Ratan K. Srivastava, S.P. Singh, and Shalini Yadav. "Assessment of Physical Activity and Hypertension among Educated Adults." doi:10.5455/JREIM.82-1416039719



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Srivastava, Manushi, Ratan K. Srivastava, S.P. Singh, and Shalini Yadav. "Assessment of Physical Activity and Hypertension among Educated Adults." doi:10.5455/JREIM.82-1416039719



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Srivastava, M., Srivastava, R. K., Singh, S. & Yadav, S. (0) Assessment of Physical Activity and Hypertension among Educated Adults. doi:10.5455/JREIM.82-1416039719



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The articles in Journal of Research and Education in Indian Medicine (Estt.1982) are open access articles licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.